Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) 1 Peter 2:2-10 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Peter is writing to Christians in Asia Minor (modern Turkey)—new Christians—predominately Gentile Christians. x. de lib. ii. Here Hort prefers the equally legitimate sense, act of priesthood. 2 Therefore, rid yourselves of all malice and all deceit, hypocrisy, envy, and slander of every kind. Question: "What does it mean that Jesus and believers are living stones in 1 Peter 2:4-5?" In the material building of the Mosaic system, there was a practice of offering sacrifices which also were of material character, namely, the bodies of animals. Without the priesthood the Sanctuary was not complete. I. Priesthood. There is the sacrifice of help to men. is better taken with . It indicates a further end contemplated by the being built up in Christ. Lastly, there is the sacrifice of death. * Peter had been a fisherman before being called to be an apostle; but Jesus called Peter, along with his brother Andrew and his partners James and John, to become “fishers of men” – Luke 5:1-11; Matthew 4:18-22. For, according to his promise, he lives and walks in every true believer, 2 Corinthians 6:16; and collectively considered, as a holy society, or assembly, uniting together in his worship and service, you are the house, or temple, of the living God, (1 Timothy 3:15; 1 Corinthians 3:16; Ephesians 2:20-21,) in which he manifests his presence, displays his glory, communicates his blessings, and accepts the prayers and praises, alms and oblations, of his people; a holy priesthood — Not only God’s temple, but the priests that serve him in that temple; that is, persons dedicated to and employed for God. The Christian substitution of something else in lieu of the Jerusalem Temple was one of the greatest stumbling-blocks to the Hebrews from the very first. Однако, у священников есть великая привилегия – доступ к Богу. Then, afterwards follow prayers, thanksgiving, almsdeeds, and all the duties of religion. (5) Ye also, as lively stones, are built up.—This is true enough: they were in process of building up; but it suits the hortatory character of the whole Epistle better to take it (the one is as grammatical as the other) in the imperative sense: Be ye also as living stones built up. Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ, αἱ θυσίαι αὐτῶν ἔσονται δεκταὶ ἐπὶ τὸ θυσιαστήριόν μοÏ, Their sacrifices shall be accepted on My altar. 1 Peter 2:11 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Peter 2:11, NIV: "Dear friends, I urge you, as foreigners and exiles, to abstain from sinful desires, which wage war against your soul." God now lives in us by His Holy Spirit, just as His shekinah glory hovered above the golden Mercy Seat covering the Ark in the Holy of Holies. So each individual in the Church of God has to submit himself to the Master Builder’s hand. The first notion of the priesthood of all believers is not that of a mediatorial system being abolished, but of the mediatorial system being extended: whereas, before, only Aaron’s sons were recognised as mediators and intercessors, now all Israel, all the spiritual Israel, all men everywhere are called to be mediators and intercessors between each other and God. 5 But also for this very reason, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue, to virtue knowledge, 6 to knowledge self-control, to self-control [] perseverance, to perseverance godliness, 7 to godliness brotherly kindness, and to brotherly … Christ is the only literal Hiereus-priest in the New Testament: through Him alone we may always draw near to God. St. Peter does not distinctly say that the “house” is a temple (for the word “spiritual” is only the opposite of “material”), but the context makes it plain that such is the case. a … Therefore we must always, as Christians, reject every human attempt to form a group of human mediators to which Christians must go to find favor with God, i.e. Between AD 63-67, the apostle Peter was inspired to write to the "elect" who were dispersed throughout Asia Minor—and to us today—that Christians are to offer up spiritual sacrifices and proclaim the praises of God.We are in training now, learning how to be priests of God for His spiritual priesthood, and a primary reason … This connection has in its favour the analogy of Hebrews 13:15, and is urged on the ground that not only the acceptance of what is offered, but the very possibility of offering, is dependent on Christ; so Alford, de Wette, Weiss, etc. Solomon's Temple was only a type of the true House of God, the real Temple, the church of God (I Corinthians 3:17; II Corinthians 6:16).Solomon's building was the "Temple of God" because of God's presence, and so it is today. But, as Salmond remarks, "In Paul we have even bolder instances of apparent confusion of metaphors, as when, in one breath, he represents believers as at once walking, rooted, and built up in Christ (Colossians 2:6, Colossians 2:7). ‘Spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God through Christ Jesus’. 1 Peter 2:11… This is why there can now be no separate priesthood, for we are all priests, and all can offer up spiritual sacrifices which are acceptable to God. mouth. We must unite our sacrifices with His—the Advocate with the Father, the Propitiation for our sins—or our sacrifice will be as irregular and offensive as though some Canaanite should have taken upon himself to intrude into the Holy of Holies on Atonement Day. So Hebrews 3:5 f., ( ) ’— , body of priests, in Exodus 19:6 (Heb. III. Psalms 51:17; Hosea 14:2; Hebrews 13:15; Revelation 1:6; Revelation 5:10. The rendering “lively,” instead of “living,” as in 1 Peter 2:4, is arbitrary, the Greek being precisely the same, and the intention being to show the complete conformation of the believers to Him who is the type and model for humanity. 1 Peter 1:2, ESV: "according to the … It is a sore judgment to be given up to them. 1:14; 2:1, 12, 15; 3:1–6, 13–17; 4:2; 5:8, 9). 2 Peter 1:5 Now for this very reason also, applying all diligence, in your faith supply moral excellence, and in your moral excellence, knowledge, (NASB: Lockman). (The Living Stone and a Chosen People. Imperfect as are our services, we are not with unbelieving timidity, or refined self-righteousness, to doubt their acceptance THROUGH CHRIST. The word here translated lively, and living in the former verse, is the same; but being there spoken of Christ, it is to be understood actively, and here being applied to believers, who receive their spiritual life from Christ, it must be taken passively. [Note: Robertson, 6:96. Coming to Jesus through His word. Ye also — Believing in him with a loving and obedient faith, as lively — Greek, ζωντες, living, stones — Quickened and made alive to God by spiritual life derived from him, are built up — Upon him, and in union with each other; a spiritual house — Spiritual yourselves; and a habitation of God through the Spirit. Barnes's 1-peter 2:5 Bible Commentary Ye also, as lively stones - Greek, "living stones." 1 Peter 2 – The Glory and the Duty of God’s People A. If our priesthood is modelled on that of Jesus Christ, as is here implied, it consists mainly (Calvin points this out) of the sacrifice of self, of the will; then, in a minor degree, of words and acts of worship, thanks and praise. The apostle’s design, in giving these titles to real Christians, is partly to show that they are dedicated to God in heart and life, and also that in the Christian church or temple, there is no need of the mediation of priests to present our prayers to God. The implication is that, in the same way, we as living stones have also been carefully prepared by the Master Builder for our position in His Temple. Amen." 1 Peter 2:5. 88. There are ministers, elders, pastors, evangelists in the church; but there is no one who is a priest, except in the general sense that all are priests - because the great sacrifice has been offered, and there is no expiation now to be made. They embrace first the consecration of our living, active selves, which is described as the presenting of ‘our bodies a living sacrifice’ (Romans 12:1); and then those offerings which are the expression of that consecrated life,—the sacrifices of our praise and thanksgiving (which are compared to the fruit of our lips, Hebrews 13:15; cf. (See Hebrews 13:10-16.) The verb admits of being construed either as indicative or as imperative. CHAPTER 5. 1 Peter 2:5. As God’s people once were, the house and the priesthood were distinct; now they are one. 1 Peter 2:5. 7, 8, 9, 10. Every sincere worshipper has access to the Father through Christ, as if he were really a priest himself. By calling us living stones and spiritual building, as he had before said that Christ is a living stone, he intimates a comparison between us and the ancient temple; and this serves to amplify divine grace. It is possible, as Dean Plumptre and others believe, that in speaking of the Church in these terms, Peter recalled the great declaration made to him by Christ Himself, the full significance of which he had been slow enough to take in, on the subject of the Church, and the rock on which its Lord was to build it (Matthew 16:18). Amplified: For this very reason, … St. Peter does not distinctly say that the “house” is a temple (for the word “spiritual” is only the opposite of “material”), but the context makes it plain that such is the case. Where you will serve. An holy priesthood; either the abstract is put for the concrete, an holy priesthood for holy priests; or it may note the whole college or society of evangelical priests, consisting of all particular saints, to whom, in the New Testament, this title is given, but never appropriated to gospel ministers: Christ being a Priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec, had no partner with him in his priesthood, but was himself only to offer a propitiatory sacrifice to God for sin. To him, and him alone, under the New Testament dispensation, should the name priest be given, as it is uniformly in the New Testament, except in the general sense in which it is given to all Christians. The things offered in the old arrangement must be acceptable to God. Heaven is their real home. Each Christian is one of the essential stones that enables the whole structure to fulfill its purpose (cf. Compare the notes at Hebrews 9:24-25; Hebrews 10:19-22. are built up—Greek, "are being built up," as in Eph 2:22. Idolaters are indeed under the influence of great fervor in their fictitious forms of worship; but it is so, because Satan inebriates their minds, lest they should come to consider their works; but whenever their consciences are led to examine things, they begin to stagger. Figuratively, auxano describes the supernatural effect of the Gospel of grace (1Cor 3:6). 2 Peter 1:5-11. 1 Peter 2:24 a, Who his own self Isaiah 53:12, He bare the sins bare our sins, etc. As the temple, so also the priesthood, is built on Christ (1Pe 2:4, 5) [Beza]. Here, "house" can just as easily mean "dynasty," as in the "house of David. The name priest, therefore should never be conferred on a minister of the gospel. . To offer up spiritual sacrifices; the immediate end of gospel priests, to offer, not bodily, but spiritual sacrifices; in general themselves, whom they are to consecrate to God, Romans 12:1; particularly prayer, thanksgivings, alms, and other duties of religion, Philippians 4:18 Hebrews 13:15,16. 2:19; Евр. 28:1; Ин. We all help one another to present one another’s prayers and praises, which pass through the lips of many priests; but for them to be acceptable, they must be presented finally through the lips of the Great High Priest. To offer up spiritual sacrifices.—The new priesthood is not merely nominal; it is no sinecure. 8:6-36; Тит. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. Nevertheless, Christ procures favor for them. Commentary on 1 Peter 1:10-12 (Read 1 Peter 1:10-12) Jesus Christ was the main subject of the prophets' studies. Therefore, laying aside all malice, all deceit, hypocrisy, envy, and all evil speaking, as newborn babes, desire the pure milk of the word, that you may grow thereby, if indeed you have tasted that … Through the merits of the great sacrifice made by the Redeemer on the cross. If our priesthood is modelled on that of Jesus Christ, as is here implied, it consists mainly (Calvin points this out) of the sacrifice of self, of the will; then, in a minor degree, of words and acts of worship, thanks and praise. 9 For he who lacks these qualities is blind or short-sighted, having … 1 Peter 5:2. устрояйте из себя дом духовный Метафорически Бог строит духовный дом, определяя место каждому верующему, объединяя их друг с другом и каждого из них со Христом (ср. As Christians then we are built up into ‘a spiritual house (oikos pneumatikos),’ that is, into a house and household possessed and indwelt by the Spirit (1 Corinthians 3:16), and into ‘a holy’ priesthood, that is, a priesthood ‘set apart wholly to the Lord’s service’. (See 1Corinthians 15:28.) Introduction. Holy priesthood—Rather, For a holy priesthood. Commentary on 1 Peter 2:11,12 (Read 1 Peter 2:11,12) Even the best of men, the chosen generation, the people of God, need to be exhorted to keep from the worst sins. (1) A call to elders. 131:9, 16); 4) священники помазаны на служение (Лев. "God is building us up into a dynasty, a spiritual house, a spiritual Family, … Even through the Incarnation—at least so far as it has as yet taken effect—creation has not become so completely pervaded and filled with the Deity as it is destined to be when the “palace” is finished. It is the new reading that gives by far the deepest and most apposite sense here. Thus Sanctuary and priesthood could be seen as one. WEURGU YARAM CI GAMBIA. 2. , and offered under the influences of the Holy Spirit. Thus Matthew 17:1; Luke 24:51. Read 1 Peter 2:5 commentary using Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. 2:4). One is added to this relationship upon baptism (Acts 2:38; Acts 2:41; Acts 2:47). 1 Peter 5:11, KJV: "To him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Most commonly, we think of a building people live in. Lit., to bring up to the altar. Greek. Compare Isa 56:7, which compare with "acceptable to God" here; Ps 4:5; 50:14; 51:17, 19; Ho 14:2; Php 4:18. And let yourselves be used. 1:16; 1Тим. ((q) Eustathius in Homer. The first notion of the priesthood of all believers is not that of a mediatorial system being abolished, but of the mediatorial system being extended: whereas, before, only Aaron’s sons were recognised as mediators and intercessors, now all Israel, all the spiritual Israel, all men everywhere are called to be mediators and intercessors between each other and God. Ye also — Believing in him with a loving and obedient faith, as lively — Greek, ζωντες, living, stones — Quickened and made alive to God by spiritual life derived from him, are built up — Upon him, and in union with each other; a spiritual house — Spiritual yourselves; and a habitation of God through the Spirit. Compare Isaiah 56:7, with "accountable to God" here; Isaiah 19:21; Psalms 4:5; Psalms 50:14; Psalms 51:17; Psalms 51:19; Hosea 14:2; Philippians 4:18. Гал. In a sense this may appear to be a case of mixed metaphor. 2 Peter 1:5. (See Hebrews 13:10-16.) 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